The following is a list of recent publications from our lab group.  For earlier publications, please see lab member Google Scholar profiles from our People page.


Berner, L.T. and Goetz, S.J., 2022. Satellite observations document trends consistent with a boreal forest biome shift. Global change biology.

Dubayah, R., Armston, J., Healey, S., Bruening, J., Patterson, P., Kellner, J., Duncanson L., Saarela, S., Stahl, G., Yang, Z., Tang, Hm., Blair, J. B., Fatoyinbo, L., Goetz, S. J., Hancock, S., Hansen, M., Hofton, M., Hurtt G., Luthcke, S., 2022. GEDI Launches a New Era of Biomass Inference from Space. Environmental Research Letters.

Duncanson, L., Kellner, J. R., Armston, J., Dubayah, R., Minor, D. M., Hancock, S., Healey, S. P., Patterson, P. L., Saarela, S., Marselis, S., Silva, C. E., Bruening, J., Goetz, S.J. and 80 others, 2022. Aboveground biomass density models for NASA’s Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) lidar mission. Remote Sensing of Environment270, 112845.

Foster, A., Shuman, J. K., Rogers, B. M., Walker, X., Mack, M. C., Bourgeau-Chavez, L., Veraverbeke, S., Goetz, S. J., 2022. Bottom-up drivers of future fire regimes in western boreal North America. Environmental Research Letters, 17(2) 025006.

Goetz, S., Dubayah, R. and Duncanson, L., 2022. Revisiting the status of forest carbon stock changes in the context of the measurement and monitoring needs, capabilities and potential for addressing reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Environmental Research Letters, 17(11) 111003.

Macander, M. J., Nelson, P., Nawrocki, T. W., Frost, G. V., Orndahl, K. M., Palm, E. C., Wells, A. F., Goetz, S. J., 2022. Time-series maps reveal widespread change in plant functional type cover across arctic and boreal Alaska and Yukon. Environmental Research Letters. 17(5) 054042.

Orndahl, K. M., Ehlers, L. P. W., Herriges, J. D., Pernick, R. E., Hebblewhite, M., & Goetz, S. J., 2022. Mapping tundra ecosystem plant functional type cover, height and aboveground biomass in Alaska and northwest Canada using unmanned aerial vehicles. Arctic

Orndahl, K.M., Macander, M.J., Berner, L.T. and Goetz, S., 2022. Plant functional type aboveground biomass change within Alaska and northwest Canada mapped using a 35-year satellite time series from 1985-2020. Environmental Research Letters. 17(11).

Pillay, R., Watson, J.E., Hansen, A.J., Jantz, P.A., Aragon-Osejo, J., Armenteras, D., Atkinson, S.C., Burns, P., Ervin, J., Goetz, S.J. and González-del-Pliego, P., 2022. Humid tropical vertebrates are at lower risk of extinction and population decline in forests with higher structural integrity. Nature Ecology & Evolution.

Quinn, C.A., Burns, P., Gill, G., Baligar, S., Snyder, R.L., Salas, L., Goetz, S.J. and Clark, M.L., 2022. Soundscape classification with convolutional neural networks reveals temporal and geographic patterns in ecoacoustic data. Ecological Indicators138, p.108831.


Belmonte, A., Sankey, T., Biederman, J., Bradford, J., Goetz, S. and Kolb, T., 2021. UAV-based estimate of snow cover dynamics: Optimizing semi-arid forest structure for snow persistence. Remote Sensing, 13(5), p.1036.

Boyd, M., Berner, L.Foster, A., Goetz, S.J., Rogers, B., Walker, X., Mack, M., 2021. Historic declines in growth portend trembling aspen death during a contemporary leaf miner outbreak in Alaska. Ecosphere 12(6) e03569,

Duncanson, L., Armston, J., Disney, M., Avitabile, V., Barbier, N., Calders, K., Carter, S., Chave, J., Herold, M., MacBean, N., McRoberts, R., Minor, D., Paul, K., Réjou-Méchain, M., Roxburgh, S., Williams, M., Albinet, C., Baker, T., Bartholomeus, H., Bastin, J.F., Coomes, D., Crowther, T., Davies, S., de Bruin, S., De Kauwe, M., Domke, G., Dubayah, R., Falkowski, M., Fatoyinbo, L., Goetz, S.Jantz, P. and 24 others, 2021. Aboveground Woody Biomass Product Validation Good Practices Protocol. Version 1.0. In L. Duncanson, M. Disney, J. Armston, J. Nickeson, D. Minor, and F. Camacho (Eds.), Good Practices for Satellite Derived Land Product Validation: Land Product Validation Subgroup (Working Group on Calibration and Validation, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites), doi:10.5067/doc/ceoswgcv/lpv/agb.001

Duncanson, L., Kellner, J. R., Armston, J., Dubayah, R., Minor, D. M., Hancock, S., Healey, S. P., Patterson, P. L., Saarela, S., Marselis, S., Silva, C. E., Bruening, J., Goetz, S.J. and 80 others, 2021. Aboveground biomass density models for NASA’s Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) lidar mission. Remote Sensing of Environment, 270,

Fagua, J. C., Jantz, P., Burns, P., Massey, R., Buitrago, J. Y., Saatchi, S., Hakkenberg, C., Goetz, S. J., 2021. Mapping tree diversity in the tropical forest region of Chocó-Colombia. Environmental Research Letters16(5), 54024.

Frost, G. V., Macander, M. J., Bhatt, U. S., Epstein, H. E., Berner, L.T., Bjerke, J. W., Forbes, B. C., Goetz, S. J., Lara, M. J., Park, T., Phoenix, G. K., Raynolds, M. K., Tømmervik, H., and Walker, D. A. State of the Climate in 2020: Tundra greenness, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102:S297-S300.

Gaglioti, B.V., Berner, L.T., Jones, B.M., Orndahl, K.M., Williams, A.P., Andreu‐Hayles, L., D’Arrigo, R.D., Goetz, S.J. and Mann, D.H., 2021. Tussocks enduring or shrubs greening: Alternate responses to changing fire regimes in the Noatak River Valley, Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 126(4), p.e2020JG006009.

Hakkenberg, C. R. &  Goetz, S. J., 2021. Climate mediates the relationship between plant biodiversity and forest structure across the United States. Global Ecology and

Hansen, A.J., Noble, B.P., Veneros, J., East, A., Goetz, S.J., Supples, C., Watson, J.E., Jantz, P.A., Pillay, R., Jetz, W. and Ferrier, S., 2021. Toward monitoring forest ecosystem integrity within the post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Conservation Letters, 14(4), p.e12822.

Law, B.E., Berner, L.T., Buotte, P.C., Mildrexler, D.J., and Ripple, W.J., 2021. Strategic Forest can protect biodiversity in the western United States and mitigate climate change. Communications Earth & Environment 2(1), 254, doi:10.1038/s43247-021-00326-0

Mekonnen, Z.A., Riley, W.J., Berner, L.T., Bouskill, N.J., Torn, M.S., Iwahana, G., Breen, A.L., Myers-Smith, I.H., Criado, M.G., Liu, Y., Euskirchen, E.S., Goetz, S. J., Mack, M. C. and Grant, R. F. 2021. Arctic tundra shrubification: a review of mechanisms and impacts on ecosystem carbon balance. Environmental Research Letters, 16(5), p.053001.

Walker, X.J., Alexander, H.D., Berner, L.T., Boyd, M.A., Loranty, M.M., Natali, S.M., and Mack, M.C., 2021. Positive response of tree productivity to warming is reversed by increased tree density at the Arctic tundra-taiga ecotone. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 51(9), 1323-1338, doi:

Watts, J., Natali, S. M., Minions, C., Risk, D., Arndt, K. A., Zona, D., Euskirchen, Eugenie S., Rocha, A.V., Sonnentag, O., Helbig, M., Kalhori, A., Oechel, W.C., Ikawa, H., Ueyama, M., Suzuki, R., Kobayashi, H., Celis, G., Schuur, E.A.G., Humphreys, E.R., Kim, Y., Lee, B-Y., Goetz, S.J., Madani, N., Schiferl, L., Commane, R., Kimball, J.S., Liu, Z., Torn, M.S., Potter, S., Wang, J.A., Jorgenson, T., Xiao, J., Li, X., Edgar, C., 2021. Soil respiration strongly offsets carbon uptake in Alaska and Northwest Canada. Environmental Research Letters, 16(8), p.084051.


Anderegg, W.R.L., Trugman, A.T., Badgley, G., Anderson, C.M., Bartuska, A., Ciais, P., Cullenward, D., Field, C.B., Freeman, J., Goetz, S.J., Hicke, J.A., Huntzinger, D., Jackson, R.B., Nickerson, J., Pacala, S., Randerson, J.T. 2020. Climate-driven risks to the climate mitigation potential of forests, Science 368 (6497),

Andreu-Hayles, L., Gaglioti, B., Berner, L. T., Anchukaitis, K., Goetz, S., and D’Arrigo, R. 2020. A narrow window of summer temperatures associated with shrub growth in Arctic Alaska, Environmental Research Letters, 15(10), p. 105012,

Belmonte, A., Sankey, T., Biederman, J. A., Bradford, J., Goetz, S. J., Kolb, T., & Woolley, T. 2020. UAV-derived estimates of forest structure to inform ponderosa pine forest restoration. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. 6(2), pp. 181-197.

Berner, L.T., Massey, R., Jantz, P., Forbes, B.C., Macias-Fauria, M., Myers-Smith, I., Kumpula, T., Gauthier, G., Andreu-Hayles, L., Gaglioti, B.V. and Burns, P., 2020. Summer warming explains widespread but not uniform greening in the Arctic tundra biome. Nature Communications, 11(1), pp. 1-12.

Buotte, P.C., B.E. Law, W.J. Ripple, and L.T. Berner. 2020. Carbon sequestration and biodiversity co-benefits of preserving forests in the western United States. Ecological Applications, 30(2), p.e02039,

Dubayah, R., Blair, J.B., Goetz, S., Fatoyinbo, L., Hansen, M., Healey, S., Hofton, M., Hurtt, G., Kellner, J., Luthcke, S., Armston, J., Tang, H., Duncanson, L., Hancock, S., Jantz, P., Marselis, S., Patterson, P., Qi, W., Silva, C. 2020. The Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation: High-resolution laser ranging of the Earth’s forests and topography. Science of Remote Sensing 1, p. 100002.

Frost, G. V., Bhatt, U. S., Epstein, H. E., Berner L.T., Bjerke, J. W., Forbes, B. C., Goetz, S. J., Lara, M. J., Macander, M. J., Phoenix, G. K., Raynolds, M. K., Tømmervik, H., and Walker, D. A.: Tundra greenness [in “State of the Climate in 2019”], Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101, S272-S274, 2020.

Hansen, A.J., Burns, P., Ervin, J., Goetz, S.J., Hansen, M., Venter, O., Watson, J.E., Jantz, P.A., Virnig, A.L., Barnett, K. and Pillay, R., 2020. A policy-driven framework for conserving the best of Earth’s remaining moist tropical forests. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4(10), pp.1377-1384. doi: 10.1038/s41559-020-1274-7

Kattge, J., G. Bönisch,… L.T. Berner et al. TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology 26:119-188,

Macander M.J., E. C. Palm, G.V. Frost, J. D. Herriges, P. R. Nelson, C. Roland, K. L.M. Russell, M. J. Suitor, T. W. Bentzen, K. Joly, S. J. Goetz, M. Hebblewhite. 2020.  Lichen cover mapping for caribou ranges in interior Alaska and Yukon. Environmental Research Letters, 15(5), p. 55001,

Moomaw, W., Law, B. E., & Goetz, S. 2020. Focus on the role of forests and soils in meeting climate change mitigation goals. Environmental Research Letters.  15(4), p. 045009.

Myers-Smith, I. H., J. T. Kerby, … L.T. Berner, S.J. Goetz et al. 2020. Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic. Nature Climate Change 10(2), pp. 106-117,

Potter, S., Solvik, K., Erb, A., Goetz, S.J., Johnstone, J.F., Mack, M.C., Randerson, J.T., Román, M.O., Schaaf, C.L., Turetsky, M.R., Veraverbeke, S., Walker, X.J., Wang, Z., Massey, R., Rogers, B.M. 2020. Climate change decreases the cooling effect from post-fire albedo in boreal North America. Global Change Biology, 26(3), pp. 1592-1607.

Rogers, B., Balch, J.K., Goetz, S.J., Lehmann, C.E.R., Turetsky, M. 2020. Focus on changing fire regimes: Interactions with climate, ecosystems, and society.  Environmental Research Letters, 15(3), p. 030201.

Thomas, H. J. D., Bjorkman, A. D., Myers-Smith, I. H., Elmendorf, S. C., and 80 others. 2020. Global plant trait relationships extend to the climatic extremes of the tundra biome. Nature Communications, 11(1), 1351.

Verdonen, M., Berner, L. T., Forbes, B. C., and Kumpula, T. 2020. Periglacial vegetation dynamics in Arctic Russia: decadal analysis of tundra regeneration on landslides with time series satellite imagery, Environmental Research Letters, 15(10), p. 105020,


Brancalion, P. H. S., Niamir, A., Broadbent, E., Crouzeilles, R., Barros, F. S. M., Almeyda Zambrano, A. M.,  Baccini, A., Aronson, J., Goetz, S.J., Reid, J. L., Strassburg, B. N., Wilson, S., Chazdon, R. L., 2019. Global restoration opportunities in tropical rainforest landscapes. Science Advances, 5(7), eaav3223.

Boyd, M. A., Berner, L. T., Doak, P., Goetz, S., Rogers, B., Wagner, D., Walker, X., Mack, M. C., 2019. Impacts of climate and insect herbivory on productivity and physiology of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) in Alaskan boreal forests. Environmental Research Letters. 14(8), p. 085010,

Foster, A. C., Armstrong, A. H., Shuman, J. K., Shugart, H. H., Rogers, B. M., Mack, M. C., Goetz, S. J., Ranson, K. J., 2019. Importance of tree- and species-level interactions with wild fire, climate, and soils in interior Alaska : Implications for forest change under a warming climate. Ecological Modelling, 409, p. 108765.

Frost, G. V., U. Bhatt, H. Epstein, D. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, L.T. Berner, J. W. Bjerke, A. L. Breen, B.C. Forbes, S. J. Goetz, C. M. Iversen, M. J. Lara, M. J. Macander, G. K. Phoenix, A. V. Rocha, V. G. Salmon, P. E. Thornton, H. Tømmervik, and S. D. Wullschleger. 2019. Tundra greennessNOAA Arctic Report Card, 48-57.

Hansen, A., Barnett, K., Jantz, P., Phillips, L., Goetz, S.J., Hansen, M., Venter, O., Watson, J.E.M., Burns, P., Atkinson, S., Rodríguez-Buritica, S., Ervin, J., Virnig, A., Supples, C., De Camargo, R., 2019. Global humid tropics forest structural condition and forest structural integrity maps. Scientific Data, 6(1), pp. 1-12.

Hughes, M.K., A. Olchev, A.G. Bunn, L.T. Berner, M. Losleben, and E. Novenko. 2019. Different climate response of spruce and pine growth in northern European Russia. Dendrochronologia, 56, p. 125601

Kleinschroth, F., Laporte, N., Laurance, W. F., Goetz, S. J., & Ghazoul, J., 2019.  Road expansion and persistence in forests of the Congo Basin. Nature Sustainability. 2:628–634.

Miller, C.E., Griffith, P., Goetz, S., Hoy, E., Pinto, N., McCubbin, I., Thorpe, A.K., Hofton, M.M., Hodkinson, D.J., Hansen, C. and Woods, J., 2019. An overview of ABoVE airborne campaign data acquisitions and science opportunities. Environmental Research Letters

Pastick, N.J., Jorgenson, M.T., Goetz, S.J., Jones, B.M., Wylie, B.K., Minsley, B.J., Genet, H., Knight, J.F., Swanson, D.K. and Jorgenson, J.C., 2019. Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska. Global change biology25(3), pp.1171-1189.

Tang, H., Armston, J., Hancock, S., Marselis, S., Goetz, S., & Dubayah, R. , 2019. Characterizing global forest canopy cover distribution using spaceborne lidar. Remote Sensing of Environment231, 111262.

Tang, H., Song, X.P., Zhao, F.A., Strahler, A.H., Schaaf, C.L., Goetz, S., Huang, C., Hansen, M.C. and Dubayah, R., 2019. Definition and measurement of tree cover: A comparative analysis of field-, lidar-and landsat-based tree cover estimations in the Sierra national forests, USA. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 268, pp.258-268.

Thomas, H.J., Myers‐Smith, I.H., Bjorkman, A.D., Elmendorf, S.C., Blok, D., Cornelissen, J.H., Forbes, B.C., … Berner, L.T., Goetz, S.J. et al. 2019. Traditional plant functional groups explain variation in economic but not size‐related traits across the tundra biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography28(2), pp.78-95.

Walker, X. J., Baltzer, J. L., Cumming, S. G., Day, N. J., Ebert, C., Goetz, S.J., Johnstone, J. F., Potter, S., Rogers, B. M., Schuur, E. A. G., Turetsky, M. R., Mack, M. C., 2019. Increasing wildfires threaten historic carbon sink of boreal forest soils. Nature572(7770), 520–523.


Anderegg, L.D., Berner, L.T., Badgley, G., Sethi, M.L., Law, B.E. and HilleRisLambers, J., 2018. Within‐species patterns challenge our understanding of the leaf economics spectrum. Ecology Letters, 21(5), pp.734-744.

Berner, L.T., Jantz, P., Tape, K.D. and Goetz, S. J., 2018. Tundra plant aboveground biomass and shrub dominance mapped across the North Slope of Alaska. Environmental Research Letters, 13(3), p.035002.

Bjorkman, A. D., Myers-Smith, I. H., Elmendorf and 123 others. 2018. Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome. Nature, 562, pp.57–62.

Fisher, J. B., Hayes, D. J., Schwalm, C. R., Huntzinger, D. N., Stofferahn, E., Schaefer, K., Huntzinger, D. Stofferahn, E., Schaefer, K., Luo, Y., Wullschleger, S. D., Goetz, S. J., Miller, C. E., Griffith, P. 2018. Missing pieces to modeling the Arctic-Boreal puzzle. Environmental Research Letters. 13(2). doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa9d9a

Foster, A.C., Shuman, J.K., Shugart, H.H, and Negron, J., 2018. Modeling the interactive effects of spruce beetle infestation and climate on subalpine vegetation. Ecosphere, 9(10), e02437.

Loranty, M.M., Berner, L.T., Taber, E.D., Kropp, H., Natali, S.M., Alexander, H.D., Davydov, S.P. and Zimov, N.S., 2018. Understory vegetation mediates permafrost active layer dynamics and carbon dioxide fluxes in open-canopy larch forests of northeastern Siberia. PloS one13(3), p.e0194014.

Pastick, N. J., Jorgenson, M. T., Goetz, S. J., Jones, B. M., Wylie, B. K., Minsley, B. J., Genet, H., Knight, J. F., Swanson, D. K., Jorgenson, J. C. 2018. Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska. Global Change Biology. early edition online:

Pelletier, J., Horning, N., Laporte, N., Samndong, R. A., & Goetz, S. 2018. Anticipating social equity impacts in REDD+ policy design: An example from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Land Use Policy, 75, pp. 102–115.

Rogers, B. M., Solvik, K., Hogg, E. H., Ju, J., Masek, J. G., Michaelian, M., Berner, L., Goetz, S. J. 2018. Detecting early warning signals of tree mortality in boreal North America using multi-scale satellite data. Global Change Biology, 24(6):, pp. 2284-230,

Schmitz, O.J., Wilmers, C.C., Leroux, S.J., Doughty, C.E., Atwood, T.B., Galetti, M., Davies, A.B. and Goetz, S.J., 2018. Animals and the zoogeochemistry of the carbon cycle. Science362(6419). 10.1126/science.aar3213

Walker, X. J., Rogers, B. M., Baltzer, J. L., Cumming, S. G., Day, N. J., Goetz, S. J., Johnstone, J. F., Schuur, E. A., Turetsky, M. R., and Mack, M. C. 2018. Cross-scale controls on carbon emissions from boreal forest megafires. Global Change Biology, 24(9), pp. 4251-4265,


Foster, A.C., Shuman, J.K., Shugart, H.H., Dwire, K.A., Fornwalt, P.J., Sibold, and J. Negron J., 2017. Validation and application of a forest gap model to the southern Rocky Mountains. Ecological Modelling, 351, pp. 109-128. https://doi.org10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.02.019

Foster, A.C., Walter, J., Shugart, H.H., Sibold, J., and Negron, J., 2017. Spectral evidence for early-stage spruce beetle infestation in Engelmann spruce. Forest Ecology and Management, 384, pp. 347-357. https://10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.004.

Hobbie, J. E., Shaver, G. R., Rastetter, E. B., Cherry, J. E., Goetz, S. J., Guay, K. C., Gould, W.A., Kling, G. W. 2017. Ecosystem responses to climate change at a Low Arctic and a High Arctic long-term research site. Ambio, 46(1), pp. 160–173.

Kropp, H., Loranty, M., Alexander, H.D., Berner, L.T., Natali, S.M. and Spawn, S.A., 2017. Environmental constraints on transpiration and stomatal conductance in a Siberian Arctic boreal forest. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122(3), pp. 487-497.

Pelletier, J., Siampale, A., Legendre, P., Jantz, P., Laporte, N. T. and Goetz, S. J., 2017. Human and natural controls of the variation in aboveground tree biomass in African dry tropical forests. Ecological Applications, 27(5), pp. 1578–1593.

Rogers, B. M., Jantz, P. and Goetz, S. J.,  2017. Vulnerability of eastern US tree species to climate change, Global Change Biology, 23(8), pp. 3302–3320.

Shuman, J.K, Foster, A.C., Shugart, H.H., Hoffman-Hall, A., Krylov, A., Loboda, T., Ershov, D., and Sochilova, E., 2017. Fire disturbance and climate change: implications for Russian forests. Environmental Research Letters 12. https://10.1088/1748-9326/aa533eed.

Webb, E.E., Heard, K., Natali, S.M., Bunn, A.G., Alexander, H.D., Berner, L.T., Kholodov, A., Loranty, M.M., Schade, J.D., Spektor, V. and Zimov, N., 2017. Variability in above-and belowground carbon stocks in a Siberian larch watershed. Biogeosciences, 14(18), pp. 4279-4294.